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Laugh factory

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Deborah Rudacille
26 August 2011

Laughter, they say, is the best medicine, and in the case of children with autism, this may well be true.

According to a new study, college students prefer the laughter of children with autism to that of typical children. The study, published in Autism on 10 August, suggests that laughter may well provide an opening for children with the disorder to connect with their peers.

Over the past decade, a series of studies has explored the distinctive laughter of children with autism. Parents have reported that their children with autism laugh in strange or inexplicable situations, rather than in situations that tend to elicit laughter in typical children. The researchers report that children with autism are more likely to produce 'unshared' laughter — laughing when others aren't — which jibes with the parent reports.

In effect, children with autism seem to laugh when the urge strikes them, regardless of whether other people find a particular situation funny. It's this unforced, spontaneous quality to their laughter that other people seem to find appealing.

Children with autism mainly produce one sort of laughter — voiced laughter, which has a tonal, song-like quality. This type of laughter is associated with positive emotions in typical controls.

In the new study, researchers recorded the laughter of 15 children with autism and 15 typical children aged 8 to 10 years. They then selected 40 laugh samples, playing them to 135 college students. The researchers did not share any information about the children, including the fact that some have autism. They simply asked the students to rate how each laugh made them feel on a five-point scale ranging from 'strongly negative' to 'strongly positive.'

The study participants consistently rated laughs of children with autism more positively than those of typically developing children. Interestingly, even when researchers played only voiced laughter from the typical children to match that of the children with autism, the college students still preferred the laughter of the latter group.

In the second half of the study, the researchers informed the study participants that children with autism had produced some of the laughs. They asked the college students to listen to another collection of 75 laughs, evenly divided between children with autism and typical children, and to identify which group had produced the laughs.

Although only 19 percent of the college students thought that they could tell the difference between the two groups, overall they performed significantly better than chance at judging whether a particular laugh was produced by a child with autism.

Laughter is a powerful tool for building social bonds. These findings suggest that children with autism could be taught to use their laughter to do exactly that, say the researchers. But that seems counter-productive to me: If it is the spontaneity of their laughter that creates positive feelings in listeners, then perhaps teaching children with autism to laugh with intent might produce exactly the opposite effect.

I much prefer their laughter to remain what it seems to be now: their response to a private joke, amusing even if no one else finds it funny.

Comments

Name: Judith Miles
8 September 2011 - 8:19PM

Interesting; but I would like to see this done with younger children. Preschool children generally have spontaneous, infectious laughter and as children age they develop a self-conscientiousness/awareness that puts a damper on the social laughter. I would expect children with autism to be less socially aware and to develop the awareness at a later age.

Name: Deborah Rudacille
8 September 2011 - 8:21PM

Thanks for providing some context for the study, Dr. Miles. I thought this was one of the more intriguing studies I've covered for SFARI and I'm pleased that you found it interesting as well.

Name: usethebrainsgodgiveyou
8 September 2011 - 8:21PM

I LOVE the last sentence here...somebody here is getting real. I was hoping to find the author, so I could read more of this sensible stuff. Alas, you are anonymous.

The "social laughter" my son had at age 6-8 was echolalic. He laughed just like the little girl down the street at timess and I could hardly stand it. He had another, true laugh. I did everything within my power to get that laugh out. Turns out, taking turns calling each other names did it. "poopy butt"- "fart head" - "stinky pants"...10 years later we are still doing it. Oh, well...It's not just me that noticed this. Susan Senator, talking about her son Nat, brought up his "horrible fake laugh". It might be cute to others, but we know how our child's true laugh sounds (http://susansenator.com/blog/2011/04/autism-helps-me-get-over-myself/ a great post, by the way.)

There is sometimes an ignorance to science...where things are seen from the outside and not the heart. Teaching a kid not to be himself is just nasty.

Name: citsitua
20 September 2011 - 9:07PM

It is not surprising that people like sounds that express genuine emotions.

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